Nagarjuna Sagar Tiger Reserve is one of the twenty-three Tiger reserves in the country, which is the biggest of all the Tiger reserves.  It extends over 3568 Sq.Kms. spreading over five-revenue districts viz. Nalgonda, Guntur, Praksham, Kurnool and Mahabubnagar.

Initially it was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary under Section 18 of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 by the Government of A.P. vide G.O.Ms.No.485 Forests and Rural Development (For. III) Department dated 5th July, 1978.  Subsequently this sanctuary was declared as a Tiger reserve in 1983. After bifurcation of the State Andhra Pradesh and formation of a new State of Telangana as the 29th State of India, the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve also stood bifurcated. As a result a separate Tiger Reserve by name Amrabad Tiger Reserve has been carved out vide GOMS No 3 dated 6/2/2015.

Achampet Wildlife Management Division which came into existence with effect from 1/1/1999 extending over 248749 Ha.  The entire area of the Division forms a part of Nagarkurnool and Wanaparthy revenue divisions of Mahabubnagar District.   This division lies between 16 o 18’ 50” and 16 o 37’ 45” northern latitude and 78° 4’ 30” and 78 o 58’ 50” eastern longitudes.

Amrabad Tiger Reserve with an extent of 1750.00 Sq. Kms in which most of the area falls in Amrabad Forest Block. The total Forest area of the Division is 2,48,749 Ha which is distributed in 15 Forest blocks and divided in to 488 compartments, spread over 7 Revenue Mandals of the district.  The jurisdiction of the division extends over 10 Revenue Mandals of the district.  This Geographical area of this division is 5,14,736 Ha out of which 2,48,220 Ha is Forest area which is 44.85% of Geographical area.

Forest Area:
 Abstract of Range wise Forest Blocks under various stages of Notification

Name of Forest Block Stage of Notification Notification No & Date Area of the Block
Amrabad 15 G.O.Ms.No.1065dt.16thAban1354Fasli. 197,846.00
Ghanpur 15 GO.Ms.No.184EFES&T(For.I)dt2/6/1989. 4,442.00
Padmaram 15 GO.Ms.No.173EFES&T(For.I)dt.19.5.1989. 462.00
Penimilla 15 888F&A(For.III)dt.3.7.71. 434.00
Ausalikunta 4 1654F&A(For.III)dt.6.8.1970. 384.00
Bacharam 15 GO.Ms.No.124/125dt.7thDai1354Fasli 2,302.00
Kollapur 24 H.F.A.1355FaslinotificationNo.282dt.4thDecember,1950 37,641.55
Kothapet 4 536dt.2ndKhurad1356Fasli. 216.00
Lingal-I 4 451/F&RD(For.III)dt.12.9.1974. 1,532.00
Lingal-II 4 1652F&RD(For.III)dt.6.8.1970. 194.00
Pasupula 15 G.O.Ms.No.536dt.2ndKhurad1356Fasli. 314.00
Tirumalampally 15 1234/1235dt.9thAban1353Fasli. 706.00
Narsaipally 15 G.O.Ms.No.888dt.10th 420.00
Somasila 15 G.O.Ms.No.1518/1519dt.8thAban1343Fasli. 1,274.00
Yetham 15 G.O.Ms.No.420dt.28thFarwadi1354Fasli 282.00
Vemkal CA area un-notified 90.00
Malleshwaram CA area un-notified 130.00
Manchalakatta CA area un-notified 15.00
Pentlavelly CA area un-notified 65.00
Total : 248,749.55

Staff Pattern:-

DFO                   1                    1             1              –              –                  –
ACF                   2             1             1                 1
FRO                   9                    4             1             3             4                 1
Dy RO                   6                    5              –             3             3                  –
FSO                 40                  17             2           14           24                 2
FBO                141                  45             2           71          152                 3
ABO                 91                    7              –              –              –                  –
                290                  79             6           92         184                7
Malies /Malans
L.D. Stenos(Jr.Steno)
Driver (HV)                   2                    1             1             1
Driver                   5                    1             1             1             1                 1
Bungalaw Watchers                   2                    2             1             1
D.M. Gr.I (TO)                   1                    1             1
Night Watchman                   1             1
Office Subordinates                 11                    9             1             4             5
Jr. Asst.                 10                    9             4             5
Launch Helper                   3             1             2
Sr. Asst.                   6                    5             1             2             3
Superintendents                   2                    1             1             1
Tech. Assist. (D.M.Gr.II)                   1             1
Recharch Lab Asst                   1             1
Typists                   1             1
Rest house Watcher
Recharch Field  Asst                   1             1
Sweeper                   3                    3             1             1             1
Boat Sarang                   1             1
Total :                341                111           12          109          208                 8

ROFR Act 2006 :-

Status of convening Gramasabhas in Forest interface Gramapanchayats Individual claims Community claims Total claims
No.of Grampanchayats having forest interface Extent of forest land under occupation(in Acs) No.of Gramasabhas convened No.of FRCs constituted No.of received Extent in Acs No. received Extent in Acs Total no of claims Total extent in Acres
34 3082 34 34 2030 6561.48 5 4.21 2035 6565.69
No. of claims approved  by  DLC for grant of title for forest rights No. of claims rejected by  DLC Title deeds granted
Individual claims No. Extent in Acs Community claims No. Extent in Acs Individual claims No. Extent in Acres Community claims No. Extent in Acres Individual claims No. individual claims No. Community claims No. Extent in Acres
944 2134.163 5 4.21 1086 4427.31 Nil Nil 944 2125.71 5 4.21

There are 100 Nos unemployed Tribal youth are engaged for Forest Protection through outsourcing method and wages paid to the Protection watchers @ 12000/- per month under CAMPA scheme details are follows.

1) Base Camps 20 Nos: 
Strike Force 3 Nos :

Sl. No. Name of the Range Location of Base Camp No. of Protection Watcher engaged from Chenchu community
1 2 3 4
1. Mannanur Farhabad 5
2. Mannanur Pullaipally 5
3. Mannanur Behrapur 5
4. Mannanur Medimalkal 5
5. Mannanur Rasamallabavi 5
6. Mannanur Durvasulacheruvu 5
7. Amrabad Turkapally 5
8. Amrabad Vatvarlapally 5
9. Amrabad Maddimadugu 5
10. Amrabad Kollampenta 5
11. Amrabad Tatigundal 5
12. Amrabad Tirumalampur 5
13. Amrabad Petralacheruvu 5
14. Achampet Rusulacheruvu 5
15. Lingal Appaipally 5
16. Lingal Rayavaram 5
17. Kollapur Amaragiri 5
18. Kollapur Chintapally 5
19. Achampet Billakal 5
20. Achampet Rangapur 5
Total 100

Strike Force 3 Nos :

Sl. No. Name of the Range Location of Strike Force No. of Protection Watcher engaged from SC & ST community
1 2 3 4
1 Mannanur Mannanur  (Farahabad) 5
2 Mannanur Appapur 5
3 Lingal Lingal (Padmanpally) 5
Total 15 Nos

Check Posts 3 Nos:

Sl. No. Name of the Range Location of Check post No. of Protection Watcher engaged from SC & ST community
1 2 3 4
1 Mannanur Mannanur 2
2 Mannanur Domalapenta 2
3 Achampet Achampet 2
Total 6 Nos

The VSS, EDCs wise Statistics are shown below:

Sl. No

No of VSS /EDCs Total members Total Total members
Male Female SC ST BC OC


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9


33 VSS 4094 3373 7467 1461 2579 2560 867


44 EDCs 17783 16450 34233 8610 13220 8687 3716


77 VSS /EDCs 21877 19823 41700 10071 15799 11247 15830

The Range wise Sections & Beats are as follows:

Division Ranges Sections Beats
Name of Existing Ranges Name of Additional Ranges Total Area of the Range No of Forest Range No of Forest Section No of Forest Beats
FDO Achampet Achampet 28449                  1              5 23
Kollapur 36872                  1              7 31
Lingal 15279                  1              4 13
Nagarkurnool 6720                  1              3 9
Total     87320                  4            19 76
FDO Amrabad Amrabad 40324                  1              6 34
Domalapenta 37329                  1              5 35
Maddimadugu 49450                  1              7 36
Mannanur 41077                  1              6 34
Total     168180                  4            24 139
Sub-Total     255500 8 43 215

C.B.E.T  (Community Based Eco Tourism):-

The areas where the CBET activities are being taken-up comes under Amrabad Tiger Reserve. The noteworthy places for visit are Farhabad view point, Mallelatheertham waterfalls, Akkamahabilam caves, Pratap Rudruni kota, Mallaiah loddi, Saileshwaram, Erradari watch tower, Octopus view point etc,. These places can be made accessible for promoting Eco-tourism without disturbing the Natural Wildlife habitat and the Biodiversity of the area, provided the activities area regulated and kept within the carrying capacity of the area.

The places of interest mentioned above are located on either side of the main highway leading from Hyderabad to Srisailam and are approachable either on vehicle or on foot. It is proposed to provide an opportunity to tourists to visit these areas by regulating their movement inside the Forests with the involvement of local guides who belong to the Primitive Chenchu Tribe (PTG).

The facilities like cottages and dormitory for night stay, public convenience like toilet and bath, a fast food centre-cum-restaurant and a landscape garden have been created for the visitors with the involvement of Eco-Development Committees and Common Enterprise Groups.

Activities taken-up:-
At Mannanur CBET:-

The activities here involve the members of Umamaheshwaram Tanda and Ambedkar Colony EDCs of Mannanur Range and Macharam EDC of Amrabad Range. The facilities created are Ten independent cottages out of which (4) A/c cottages and (6) Non A/c cottages, two common dormitories for night stay of travelers, bath and toilet facilities at the visitor’s complex, one “Chital” restaurant and common dining hall. The facilities created are already in use and are providing gainful employment to the (20) EDC members working in the visitor’s complex. The Environmental Educational Centre it is recently renovated and new compound wall along with landscape garden was established under BIOSAP Scheme.

At Farhabad CBET:-

The Eco-Tourism activities were started at Farhabad from October 2007. Two old Gypsy jeeps available with the Forest Department were put to use to take visitors on safari drive upto Farhabad view point. The visitors are being charged Rs 800/- per trip for a maximum of 6 persons. This activity has taken off very well and so far. A spot where visitors can sit and enjoy the wilderness of the area also will be developed here. At Farhabad view point one shelter is required as there is no protection from sun and rain in that area near Farhabad EDC.

At Mallelatheertham CBET:-

This center started functioning from April 2007 and is managed by E.D.C. members of Sarlapally and Kudichintalabailu. At present entry and parking fee is being collected for vehicles by members of E.D.C. Sarlapally. The entry fee for visitors at Mallelatheertham gate is being collected by the members of Kudichintala bailu EDC.

During 2008-09 we have constructed one complex to house canteen and ticket issue centre at the entrance to the waterfall. The canteen has started functioning with the involvement of CEG groups of Kudichintalabailu and Sarlapally. The entire visitor area has been fenced with chain link to provide security for vehicle parking and for visitors. Two gates have been setup for entry of vehicles into the parking area and for entry of visitors to the waterfall. A small landscape garden has been put into place. Five sit outs have been constructed for convenience of visitors. The water pool near the waterfall which is very deep and hazardous has been barricaded to prevent accidental fall into the pool. During 2012-13 added the new facilities like construction of “Pagoda, Toilet complex and Water tank” under COP-XI Scheme.

At Domalapenta CBET:-

There is a Forest guest house “Vana Mayuri” which has four twin bedded suites. A landscape garden has been setup. The facilities at Domalapenta are managed by the E.D.C. members of Domalapenta. We are charging Rs 1200/- per suite on the first floor and Rs 800/- per suite in the ground floor. A fully equipped kitchen and dining facility has been put into place. The visitors are provided with food on order near Domalapenta EDC.

At Saileshwaram:-

The Saileshwaram area is opened for public once in a year for (5) days during April. At the time more than a lack of people visit the Temple. The CBET members collect the parking fee and utilize the same for the Development of road from Farhabad to Saleshwaram and also paid the wages for the tribes involved in the maintenance works during Jathara period near Rampur EDC.

Akkamahadevi Caves:-

Akka Mahadevi was a prominent figure of the Veerashiva Bhaktimovement of the 12th Century Karnataka. Her vachanas in Kannadaare considered her greatest contribution to Kannada bhakti literature. During the 12th Century A.D. It is believed that Akka Mahadevi did penance in this cave and worshiped the Sivalinga that naturally existed in the deep and dark end of the cave. The A.P. tourism Department has arranged motor boats for visitors to see these caves from Pathalaganga at Srisailam.

Akkamahadevi caves & Kadarivanam tourism route:-

This zone starts from the Srisailam dam by water upto Akkamahadevi caves during distance of 18 Kms from Srisailam back waters, from their follow the trekking paths to reach the Akkamahadevi caves & Kadarivanam. This area was falls under Domalapenta EDC.

Influx of Pilgrims:-

A large number of pilgrim’s from Telangana, Karnataka, Maharastra come to Srisailam Temple during Mahasivarathri & Ugadi festivals. The visitor come in thousands on foot and in vehicles. During these festivals and this creates lot of disturbance to the habitat in the Tiger Reserve.

The main issues associated with this pilgrimage inside the core area and the concerns for the Tiger Reserve Management are,

1. Disturbance to the habitat

2. Disturbance to the animals during night time

3. Littering of wastes inside the Tiger Reserve

4 Coincidence of the pilgrimage times with pinch period

5. Man animal conflict

6. Forest Fires

The passage of pilgrims on foot during important festival has been in vogue for centuries and is linked to religious sentiments. Hence this activity cannot be prevented. But there is need to regulate the passage of pilgrims to the Tiger Reserve.

A Master Plan of regulation of temple tourism has to be prepared by engaging experts and professionals for the temple tourism. This master plan has to be in accordance with the guidelines given by the NTCA. However, till a master plan is prepared, regulation of the pilgrimage may be done in the following ways.

View Points:-

Viewpoints at the following places with a commanding view of the surrounding localities have to be selected and developed to give the visitor a relief while identifying himself with the nature. Construction of viewpoints / watch towers are recommended

1. Farhabad.

2. Domalapenta.

3. Rusulacheruvu.


Routes identified for Eco tourism (by road):

1. Manannur-Dharavagu-Kollam -Tabelugunda -Bureddipalli–Rollabanda

2. Mannanur- Gundem -Farhabad -Neelagiri Viewpoint -old Shikaragah – Farhabad gate – back Mannanur.

3.Mannanur – Mallapur – Pullaipally- Rampur -Saileswaram valley – Back

Routes identified for Eco tourism (by Boat):-

Srisailam dam site – Patala ganga – Akkamahadevi caves – Kadilivanam – Back Srisailam dam site. It is proposed to launch boat service on these two routes to be managed by Eco tourism committees to be implemented as per established procedure and policies concerned. It is proposed to purchase two motor launch of 40 to 50 capacity and deploy one on each of the above two routes. Boating charges, entry fee etc., may be fixed as per the economics worked out and approval of Chief Wildlife Warden may be taken before fixing the boating charges. The Revenue generated may be deposited in Tiger Conservation foundation and utilized for maintenance of Eco tourism facilities and part conservation of Biodiversity of the Tiger Reserve. All the tourism activities as per the normative guidelines on Eco tourism issued by NTCA.

Tiger Conservation Foundation:-

Recently, Amrabad tiger conservation foundation was formed on the request of National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) for conservation of tiger and bio-diversity. This ensures direct transfer of Central funds to ‘Project Tiger’. The foundation is empowered to receive grants-in-aid, gifts, donations and contributions.

As per GOMS No 37 dated 29/7/2015 EFS & T (For I) Department dated 29/7/2015. Govt. after careful consideration decided to establish Amrabad Tiger Reserve Conservation Foundation for Telangana State under Section 28 of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972.

As per GOMS No 56/EFS & T (For II) Department dated 28/5/2014 collected entry fee for toll gate from the visitors (Light vehicle 10/- and heavy vehicle 20/-).